MHI-04 Solved Free Assignment 2023
POLITICAL STRUCTURES IN INDIA
MHI-04 Solved Free Assignment 2023
MHI-04 Solved Free Assignment July 2022 & Jan 2023
Q 1. Write a note on early Tamil polity as described in Sangam literature.
Q 2. Analyse the various approaches to the study of early medieval polity.
Q 3. Discuss various interpretations explaining the nature of the Mughal state.
Q 4. Discuss the nature of sovereignty and administrative mechanism in the Princely states.
Q 5. Write short notes in about 250 words each on the following:
(a) The colonial military apparatus
(b) The bureaucracy under the colonial state.
Q 6. Write a note on the Mauryan administration.
Q 7. Analyse the judicial system prevailing in Ancient India.
Q 8. Discuss the provincial and local administration under the Delhi Sultanate.
Q 9. How did the colonial and nationalist legacy shape the post-colonial Indian polity?
Q 10. Write short notes in about 250 words each on the following:
(a) Land revenue settlements under the British rule
(b) Anglo-Oriental controversy and Educational Despatch of 1854
Ans 1. The early Tamil polity is well-documented in the Sangam literature, a collection of poems composed by Tamil poets between the 3rd century BCE and 3rd century CE.
These poems provide valuable insights into the political structure, social organization, and cultural practices of ancient Tamil Nadu. MHI-04 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The Sangam period witnessed the emergence of powerful polities in the Tamil region. The early Tamil polity was characterized by the existence of a number of small kingdoms or chieftaincies that were ruled by monarchs or chiefs.
These kingdoms were often engaged in wars with one another over territorial disputes, resources, and trade routes.
The Sangam literature describes the political structure of these kingdoms as being hierarchical, with the monarch or chief at the top of the social pyramid.
The king was assisted by a council of ministers, who advised him on matters of governance and administration. The council included officials such as the prime minister, treasurer, and chief secretary. MHI-04 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The Sangam literature also provides insights into the social organization of the early Tamil polity. Society was divided into various castes or social groups, such as the Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras.
The Brahmins were the priestly class, while the Kshatriyas were the warrior class. The Vaishyas were the merchants and traders, while the Shudras were the laboring class.
The Sangam literature also provides details about the economy of the early Tamil polity. MHI-04 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Agriculture was the primary occupation of the people, and the fertile river valleys and coastal plains of Tamil Nadu were ideal for cultivation.
The early Tamil polity was also engaged in maritime trade with other parts of the world, including Rome and China. The ports of Puhar and Kaveripattinam were important centers of trade and commerce.
The Sangam literature also provides insights into the cultural practices of the early Tamil polity. Tamil poetry, music, and dance were highly valued and were patronized by the kings and chiefs. MHI-04 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The poets of the Sangam period were considered to be the cultural ambassadors of their time, and their poems provide a vivid picture of the social and cultural life of the people.
Religion played an important role in the early Tamil polity, and the people were predominantly followers of Hinduism.
The worship of a number of deities, including Murugan, Shiva, and Vishnu, was prevalent. The Sangam literature also mentions the presence of Buddhist and Jain communities in Tamil Nadu. MHI-04 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The early Tamil polity was also known for its military prowess. The kings and chiefs maintained well-trained armies that were equipped with weapons such as swords, spears, and bows and arrows.
The soldiers were also trained in various forms of martial arts, including archery, swordsmanship, and wrestling.
The Sangam literature also provides insights into the diplomatic relations between the various kingdoms of the early Tamil polity.
Diplomatic marriages were a common practice, and the Sangam poems describe several instances of kings and chiefs marrying princesses from other kingdoms to forge alliances. MHI-04 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The early Tamil polity was not a centralized state, but rather a collection of small kingdoms that were loosely connected by trade, culture, and diplomacy.
The kings and chiefs of these kingdoms were autonomous rulers who exercised a great deal of power and authority in their own territories.
However, there were instances when some of the larger kingdoms attempted to expand their territories by conquering neighboring kingdoms.
One of the most notable features of the early Tamil polity was its emphasis on literature and education.
The Sangam literature, which is considered one of the finest collections of classical Tamil literature, was composed during this period.
The poets of the Sangam era were highly respected and were often patronized by the kings and chiefs. MHI-04 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The literature of the Sangam period provides a rich insight into the social, cultural, and political life of the people of ancient Tamil Nadu.
The early Tamil polity also saw the emergence of a number of great dynasties, including the Cholas, the Pandyas, and the Cheras.
These dynasties were known for their military prowess, cultural achievements, and administrative capabilities.
The Cholas, in particular, were renowned for their naval power and their extensive maritime trade network. MHI-04 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The early Tamil polity was also characterized by a strong sense of regional identity.
The people of Tamil Nadu took great pride in their language, culture, and heritage, and this sense of identity played a key role in the development of the region’s political, social, and economic institutions.
Despite the existence of a number of independent kingdoms, there was also a sense of shared cultural and linguistic identity among the people of the Tamil region.
The Tamil language was a unifying factor that brought together people from different castes and regions. MHI-04 Solved Free Assignment 2023
This linguistic unity was further strengthened by the patronage of the kings and chiefs, who supported the development of Tamil literature, art, and culture.
The early Tamil polity was also known for its sophisticated administrative system. The kings and chiefs were assisted by a network of officials who were responsible for collecting taxes, maintaining law and order, and managing the affairs of the kingdom.
The administration was divided into various departments, each headed by a senior official. MHI-04 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The early Tamil polity was also characterized by a strong sense of justice and fair play. The Sangam literature describes several instances where kings and chiefs punished wrongdoers and ensured that justice was done.
The system of justice was based on a set of laws and regulations that were enforced by the king and his officials.
Another notable feature of the early Tamil polity was the presence of a vibrant artistic and cultural tradition. MHI-04 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The people of Tamil Nadu were known for their love of music, dance, and literature, and this tradition continues to this day.
The classical dance form of Bharatanatyam, which originated in Tamil Nadu, is now recognized as a world heritage art form.
The early Tamil polity also played an important role in the spread of Buddhism and Jainism in South India.
The Sangam literature mentions the presence of Buddhist and Jain communities in Tamil Nadu, and several inscriptions and artifacts have been found that attest to the influence of these religions in the region. MHI-04 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The spread of Buddhism and Jainism also contributed to the development of a rich philosophical and intellectual tradition in Tamil Nadu.