MHI-10 Solved Free Assignment 2023
URBANISATION IN INDIA
MHI-10 Solved Free Assignment 2023
MHI-10 Solved Free Assignment July 2022 & Jan 2023
Q 1. Examine the emergence of new forms of knowledge and their relationship to the city that has set the modern city distinct from their pre-modern predecessors.
Q 2. Discuss the layout and chief characteristics of Mohenjodaro.
Q 3. Compare Bhir Mound with Sirkap and Sirsukh cities of the Taxila valley.
Q 4. Explain R.S. Sharma’s theory of urban decay. What has been the nature of response to this theory?
Q 5. Write short notes on any two of the following. Answer in about 250 words each.
i) Layout of Harappan cities
ii) Representation of cities in the Arthashastra
iii) Janapadas and Mahajanapadas
iv) Salient features of post-Gupta urbanism
Q 6. Critically examine the characteristics of the temple towns in the peninsular India.
Q 7. Analyse the characteristics of Mughal cities. What was Bernier’s idea of ‘camp-cities’?
Q 8. Throw light on the unique aspects of Lucknow as an eighteenth century provincial capital?
Q 9. In what ways did the dynamics of race, class and ethnicity shape urban spatial relations and control over urban space?
Q 10. Write short notes on any two of the following. Answer in about 250 words each.
i) Capital cities of Gaur and Pandua
ii) of the port of Goa
iii) Improvement Trusts
iv) Partition and resettlement
Ans 1. The emergence of new forms of knowledge and their relationship to the city has been a defining aspect of the modern city, setting it apart from its pre-modern predecessors. MHI-10 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The city has historically been a hub of knowledge production, where intellectuals, scholars, and practitioners congregated to exchange ideas, engage in discourse, and create new knowledge.
However, with the advent of modernity, the city has witnessed a transformation in the types of knowledge generated, the methods of knowledge production, and the ways in which knowledge is disseminated and consumed.
This has resulted in the emergence of new forms of knowledge that have reshaped the urban landscape and contributed to the distinctiveness of the modern city.
One of the key factors that has contributed to the emergence of new forms of knowledge in the modern city is the rise of science and technology.
The scientific revolution of the 17th century marked a paradigm shift in the way knowledge was generated and validated.
Empirical observation, experimentation, and the use of reason and logic became central to the scientific method, leading to the development of new knowledge in various fields such as physics, chemistry, biology, and medicine.
This scientific knowledge revolutionized urban life by enabling the development of new technologies, inventions, and innovations that transformed the physical, social, and economic aspects of cities. MHI-10 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The modern city became a site for the establishment of scientific institutions, universities, and research centers, attracting scholars, scientists, and intellectuals from diverse fields.
These institutions became hubs of knowledge production, where research and experimentation led to the discovery of new principles, theories, and practices.
The city provided the infrastructure, resources, and networks necessary for the advancement of scientific knowledge, including laboratories, libraries, scientific journals, and academic communities.
This led to the accumulation of knowledge and the rapid dissemination of new ideas and discoveries, shaping the modern city’s distinctiveness.
Furthermore, the modern city’s relationship with knowledge has also been shaped by the emergence of specialized disciplines and fields of knowledge.
With the growth of urban populations and the diversification of economic activities, knowledge became increasingly specialized, leading to the development of disciplines such as sociology, economics, psychology, urban planning, and architecture, among others. MHI-10 Solved Free Assignment 2023
These disciplines provided new frameworks, concepts, and methods for understanding and analyzing the complexities of urban life, leading to the emergence of new forms of knowledge specific to the city.
For example, urban planning and architecture as fields of knowledge emerged in the modern city as a response to the challenges posed by urbanization, industrialization, and population growth.
These fields developed theories, concepts, and practices for designing and managing urban spaces, addressing issues such as housing, transportation, sanitation, and public health. MHI-10 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The modern city became a laboratory for experimentation and innovation in urban planning and architecture, resulting in the development of new urban forms, designs, and technologies that shaped the physical and social aspects of the city.
Moreover, the emergence of new forms of knowledge in the modern city has also been closely linked to the growth of print culture, communication technologies, and media.
The invention of the printing press in the 15th century revolutionized the production and dissemination of knowledge, making it more accessible and affordable.
The growth of newspapers, magazines, books, and other printed materials enabled the spread of ideas, information, and knowledge among urban populations, shaping their worldviews, attitudes, and behaviors.
The modern city became a hub of print culture, with printing presses, bookshops, libraries, and reading societies catering to the demands of the growing urban populations for knowledge and information.
Print culture facilitated the development of new forms of knowledge, such as journalism, literature, and criticism, which contributed to the shaping of urban culture, politics, and society. MHI-10 Solved Free Assignment 2023
For example, newspapers played a crucial role in disseminating news, opinions, and debates about urban issues, politics, and events, shaping public opinion and influencing urban dwellers’ perceptions and understanding of the city.
Another significant factor that has contributed to the emergence of new forms of knowledge in the modern city is the changing social and cultural dynamics of urban life.
The modern city has been a melting pot of diverse cultures, communities, and identities, leading to the development of new knowledge about urban society, culture, and identity.
The city has become a site of encounter, interaction, and exchange among people from different backgrounds, resulting in the formation of hybrid cultures, subcultures, and identities.MHI-10 Solved Free Assignment 2023
This has led to the emergence of new fields of knowledge such as urban anthropology, cultural studies, and identity studies, which focus on understanding the complexities of urban life from a socio-cultural perspective.
These fields have explored how urban dwellers negotiate their identities, beliefs, practices, and aspirations in the context of the city, and how urban culture and society are shaped by the interplay of different cultural influences.
For instance, in the modern city, various subcultures, such as countercultural movements, LGBTQ+ communities, and ethnic enclaves, have emerged, each with its unique knowledge, practices, and beliefs.
These subcultures have contributed to the diversity and dynamism of the urban landscape and have led to the development of new forms of knowledge that challenge mainstream narratives and provide alternative perspectives on the city.
Moreover, the modern city has also witnessed the emergence of new forms of knowledge related to social and political movements.
Urban areas have been hotspots of social and political activism, where various movements such as labor movements, civil rights movements, feminist movements, and environmental movements have emerged and influenced urban life.
These movements have generated new knowledge, ideologies, and practices aimed at addressing social, economic, and political inequalities and shaping the urban landscape. MHI-10 Solved Free Assignment 2023
For example, the labor movements of the industrial era led to the development of labor theories, concepts, and practices that aimed at improving working conditions, wages, and social welfare for urban workers.
Similarly, civil rights movements and feminist movements have contributed to the development of knowledge about social justice, equality, and human rights in the urban context.
Environmental movements have generated new knowledge about the relationship between the city and nature, advocating for sustainable urban planning, conservation, and environmental justice. MHI-10 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Furthermore, the emergence of new forms of knowledge in the modern city has been closely linked to technological advancements and the digital revolution.
The advent of the internet, social media, and other digital technologies has transformed the way knowledge is produced, disseminated, and consumed in the urban context.
Digital technologies have enabled the creation of virtual spaces for knowledge exchange, such as online forums, blogs, and social media platforms, where urban dwellers can share ideas, information, and experiences related to the city.
These digital spaces have facilitated the emergence of new forms of knowledge, such as citizen science, participatory mapping, and crowdsourcing, where urban dwellers can actively engage in the production of knowledge about their city.
Digital technologies have also led to the development of big data, data analytics, and data visualization, which have transformed the way urban issues are analyzed, understood, and addressed. MHI-10 Solved Free Assignment 2023
For example, the use of data and analytics in urban planning and policy-making has enabled evidence-based decision-making and data-driven solutions to urban challenges.
The emergence of digital technologies has also led to the development of smart cities, where sensors, networks, and data are used to optimize urban systems and improve the quality of life for urban dwellers.
These technological advancements have reshaped the urban landscape, creating new opportunities and challenges for the generation and dissemination of knowledge in the modern city.