MPS-002 Solved Free Assignment 2023
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: THEORY AND PROBLEMS
MPS-002 Solved Free Assignment 2023
MPS-002 Solved Free Assignment July 2022 & Jan 2023
Q 1. Explain the role of UN in the current world order.
Q 2. Define international terrorism. How does patriotism become the epicenter of terrorism?
Q 3. Do you think the world is unipolar, bipolar or multipolar? Explain with example.
Q 4. What is ethnicity? Explain the reasons of ethnic wars.
Q 5. Migration has become an international issue. Explain the reasons of refugee issues in the world.
Q 6. a) Realist Theory
b) Democratic peace theory
Q 7. a) The role of International Monetary Fund (IMF)
b) Issues of Human Rights
Q 8. a) Nuclear threats
b) East –West divide
Q 9. a) Marxist approach to International Relations
b) Neo-liberal theory of IR
Q 10. a) Define basic features of South Asia
b) Indigenous Movements
Ans 1. The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization established in 1945 after the end of World War II. The organization was created with the aim of promoting international cooperation and resolving conflicts peacefully.
The UN has played a crucial role in shaping the current world order by providing a forum for international cooperation, promoting human rights, supporting development, and facilitating global peace and security.
One of the primary functions of the UN is to serve as a forum for international cooperation. MPS-002 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The organization brings together member states from all over the world to discuss and address global issues, ranging from climate change to poverty reduction to the prevention of armed conflict.
The UN also provides a platform for member states to negotiate treaties, conventions, and other international agreements.
Through these agreements, the UN promotes global cooperation and helps to create a more interconnected and integrated world.
Another significant role of the UN is the promotion of human rights. The organization is committed to protecting and promoting the rights of all people, regardless of their race, gender, religion, or nationality.
The UN Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and other international treaties and agreements form the foundation of the UN’s human rights work.
The UN has established various mechanisms to monitor and promote human rights, including the Human Rights Council, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, and various treaty bodies. MPS-002 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Through these mechanisms, the UN works to hold governments accountable for human rights violations and to promote respect for human rights around the world.
The UN also plays a significant role in supporting development. The organization works to promote sustainable development, reduce poverty, and improve access to education, healthcare, and other essential services.
The UN has established various development agencies, including the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and the World Health Organization (WHO), to support these efforts.
These agencies work with governments, civil society organizations, and other partners to promote development and improve the lives of people around the world.
Perhaps the most visible role of the UN is in the promotion of global peace and security. MPS-002 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The organization has played a crucial role in preventing conflicts, resolving disputes peacefully, and promoting stability and security around the world.
The UN Charter grants the Security Council the responsibility for maintaining international peace and security.
The Security Council has the power to authorize the use of force, impose sanctions, and take other measures to address threats to international peace and security.
The UN has also established various peacekeeping missions, which are deployed to areas of conflict to help prevent violence, protect civilians, and support the implementation of peace agreements.
Despite the UN’s many achievements, the organization faces significant challenges in the current world order. MPS-002 Solved Free Assignment 2023
One of the most significant challenges is the lack of political will among member states to cooperate and address global issues.
The UN’s effectiveness is dependent on the willingness of member states to work together and commit to common goals.
However, in recent years, there has been a growing trend of nationalism and protectionism, which has led some countries to prioritize their own interests over global cooperation.
This trend has made it more challenging for the UN to address global issues, such as climate change, terrorism, and migration.
Another challenge facing the UN is the difficulty of addressing new and emerging threats to global security. MPS-002 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The world is rapidly changing, with new technologies, geopolitical shifts, and other developments posing new challenges to global stability and security.
The UN must adapt to these changes and develop new approaches to address these challenges effectively.
One of the most significant challenges facing the UN in the current world order is the proliferation of armed conflict and violence.
Despite the UN’s efforts to prevent conflict and promote peace, the world remains plagued by violence and instability.
The UN has faced criticism for its peacekeeping efforts, with some arguing that the organization is not doing enough to protect civilians and prevent violence in conflict zones. MPS-002 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Additionally, the UN faces challenges in addressing the root causes of conflict, such as poverty, inequality, and political grievances.
Another challenge for the UN is the issue of funding. The organization relies on member states’ contributions to fund its operations and programs, and many countries do not fulfill their financial obligations to the UN.
This funding shortfall can limit the UN’s ability to carry out its mandate effectively.
Final words, the UN plays a vital role in the current world order, promoting international cooperation, human rights, development, and global peace and security.
The organization has made significant achievements over the years, but it also faces significant challenges in the current geopolitical climate.
The UN must adapt to new and emerging threats, address the root causes of conflict and violence, and work to overcome political and funding challenges to continue to be an effective force for global cooperation and progress.