MPSE-001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
INDIA AND THE WORLD
MPSE-001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
MPSE-001 Solved Free Assignment July 2022 & Jan 2023
Q 1. Explain historical linkages, economic and security cooperation between India and Central Asia.
Q 2. Trace the evolution of India’s relations with South-east Asia bringing out the main features of the relationship.
Q 3. Briefly describe international humanitarian laws and UN concerns for promotion and protection of human rights in India.
Q 4. Describe the trends and patterns of Sino-Indian relations.
Q 5. Critically examine the challenges of India’s disarmament policy and its impact on national security.
Q 6. a) Challenges of Nehruvian model of foreign policy
b) Role of interest groups in India’s foreign policy process
Q 7. a) Global implications of India and Pakistan nuclear tests 1998
b) Role of the Ministry of External Affairs in Indian foreign policy making.
Q 8. a) Religion in post-communist societies
b) India’s West Asia policy
Q 9. a) Regional Cooperation in South Asia
b) India and Indian Ocean RIM Association of Regional Cooperation
Q 10. a) ASEAN: Composition and Functions
b) Economic and strategic cooperation between India and USA
Ans 1. India and Central Asia share a rich history of cultural, economic, and security linkages that date back centuries. MPSE-001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
These historical linkages have laid the foundation for robust economic and security cooperation between the two regions.
In this essay, we will delve into the historical, economic, and security aspects of the relationship between India and Central Asia, highlighting their significance and potential for further cooperation.
Historical Linkages: MPSE-001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
India and Central Asia have a long history of cultural and civilizational exchanges. The ancient Silk Road, a network of trade routes that connected Asia, Europe, and the Middle East, facilitated the exchange of goods, ideas, and people between India and Central Asia.
This resulted in the spread of Indian culture, religion, and philosophy, particularly Buddhism, to Central Asia and beyond.
Famous Indian scholars and travelers, such as Fa-Hien and Xuanzang, traveled to Central Asia in search of knowledge and spread Indian ideas and culture.
The historical linkages between India and Central Asia were further strengthened during the medieval period with the rise of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire in India. MPSE-001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
These empires established trade and diplomatic relations with Central Asian kingdoms, leading to the exchange of goods, technologies, and ideas.
Central Asian rulers, such as Babur, who founded the Mughal dynasty in India, brought with them Central Asian traditions and culture that influenced the art, architecture, and literature of India.
In recent years, economic cooperation between India and Central Asia has gained momentum. MPSE-001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
India has been actively engaged in promoting economic ties with Central Asian countries through various initiatives, such as the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC), the Ashgabat Agreement, and the Chabahar port in Iran, which provides India with a gateway to Central Asia.
These initiatives aim to enhance connectivity, trade, and investment between India and Central Asia.
Energy cooperation has been a significant aspect of economic cooperation between India and Central Asia.
Central Asian countries are rich in oil, gas, and minerals, and India has been keen to tap into their energy resources to meet its growing energy needs.
Several agreements have been signed between India and Central Asian countries for the exploration, extraction, and transportation of oil and gas.
For instance, India has invested in oil and gas fields in Kazakhstan and has signed agreements for the import of natural gas from Turkmenistan through the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline.
Trade and investment between India and Central Asia have also been on the rise. India has been exploring avenues to expand its trade with Central Asian countries, and efforts have been made to remove trade barriers and enhance market access.
In 2019, India and the five Central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) held the first-ever India-Central Asia Business Council meeting to boost economic cooperation in areas such as trade, investment, tourism, and connectivity. MPSE-001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Cultural cooperation between India and Central Asia is another significant aspect of their relationship.
The historical and civilizational ties between the two regions provide a strong foundation for cultural exchanges and cooperation.
India and Central Asia share common cultural traits, such as music, dance, and folklore, which provide opportunities for mutual learning and collaboration.
India has been actively engaged in promoting cultural exchanges with Central Asia through various initiatives. MPSE-001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
One such initiative is the “India-Central Asia Dialogue” launched in 2019, which aims to promote cultural, educational, and people-to-people exchanges between India and the five Central Asian countries.
The initiative includes cultural events, academic exchanges, and tourism promotion, which help in building mutual understanding, appreciation, and friendship between the people of India and Central Asia.
Security cooperation has emerged as an important aspect of the relationship between India and Central Asia.
The two regions share common security concerns, such as terrorism, extremism, drug trafficking, and organized crime, which require joint efforts to address effectively.
India and Central Asian countries have been cooperating in the area of counter-terrorism and security through various mechanisms, such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS).
India became a full member of the SCO in 2017, providing a platform for enhanced cooperation with Central Asian countries on regional security issues.
India has also signed bilateral agreements on security cooperation with Central Asian countries, focusing on intelligence sharing, capacity building, and joint exercises.
Furthermore, India has been providing development assistance to Central Asian countries to enhance their security capabilities.
This includes providing training, equipment, and technical assistance to improve border security, counter-terrorism operations, and law enforcement capabilities.
India has also been actively engaged in capacity building programs in Central Asia, such as providing scholarships for defense and security-related studies, which contribute to strengthening security cooperation between the two regions.
Regional Connectivity: MPSE-001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Regional connectivity has emerged as a key pillar of India’s engagement with Central Asia.
India has been actively promoting connectivity initiatives to enhance physical, digital, and people-to-people connectivity between India and Central Asia, which can boost trade, investment, and overall cooperation.
One of the significant connectivity initiatives is the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC), a multi-modal transport corridor that aims to connect India with Central Asia, Russia, and Europe through Iran.
The INSTC provides a shorter and more cost-effective route for trade between India and Central Asia, bypassing traditional routes and reducing transportation time and costs. MPSE-001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
India has also been involved in the Ashgabat Agreement, a transport agreement among Central Asian countries, Iran, and Oman, which aims to facilitate transit and transportation through the establishment of an international transport and transit corridor.
This agreement provides India with access to Central Asia through the Iranian port of Bandar Abbas, further enhancing connectivity between the two regions.
In addition, India has been investing in the development of the Chabahar port in Iran, which provides a sea route for India to access Central Asia and Afghanistan.
The Chabahar port is expected to play a crucial role in enhancing trade and connectivity between India and Central Asia, particularly through the development of the Chabahar-Zahedan railway link.
Challenges and the Way Forward:
Despite the historical linkages, economic cooperation, and security cooperation between India and Central Asia, there are several challenges that need to be addressed to further strengthen the relationship.
One of the significant challenges is the issue of connectivity. While there have been significant efforts to promote regional connectivity, there are still infrastructural gaps and bureaucratic hurdles that hinder the smooth flow of goods, services, and people between India and Central Asia. MPSE-001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Addressing these challenges and expediting the implementation of connectivity projects, such as the INSTC and the Chabahar port, would be crucial in enhancing economic cooperation between the two regions.
Another challenge is the lack of direct air connectivity between India and Central Asia. Currently, there are limited air connectivity options between the two regions, which hinders the movement of people and trade.
Improving air connectivity through direct flights and increased frequency of flights would contribute to enhancing people-to-people exchanges, tourism, and business interactions between India and Central Asia.
Security challenges, such as terrorism, extremism, and drug trafficking, remain a concern for both India and Central Asia. MPSE-001 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Enhanced cooperation in intelligence sharing, capacity building, and joint exercises would be essential in addressing these security challenges effectively.
There is also a need to strengthen cooperation in countering radicalization and violent extremism, particularly in the context of the rising threat of terrorism in the region.