MRDE-101 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Research Methods in Rural Development
MRDE-101 Solved Free Assignment 2023
MRDE-101 Solved Free Assignment July 2022 & Jan 2023
Attempt any One of the following
Q 1. Explain the main aspects of social status of rural women in India.
Q 2. Discuss the Main services provided under Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS).
Q 3. Describe various efforts made by the Government for the empowerment of Scheduled Castes.
Medium Answers Questions Maximum Marks: 15 each Attempt any Two of the following:
Q 1. Describe important features of the Prevention of Immoral Traffic Act, 1956.
Q 2. Explain the concept and importance of Early Childhood Care and Education.
Q 3. Explain the evolution of education services for women in India.
Short Answers Questions Maximum Marks: 6 each Attempt any Five of the following
Q 1. National Human Right Commission
Q 2. Family Court
Q 3. Girl Child Discrimination
Q 4. Economic Empowerment of Rural Women
Q 5. Swayamsidha
Q 6. Medical Negligence
Q 7. Life Expectancy
Q 8. Gender Analysis
Ans 1. The social status of rural women in India is complex and influenced by various factors such as culture, traditions, caste, class, religion, and geography.
Despite advancements in laws and policies aimed at promoting gender equality, rural women in India continue to face numerous challenges that affect their social status.
In this essay, we will explore the main aspects of the social status of rural women in India, including their roles and responsibilities, access to education and healthcare, participation in decision-making, violence against women, and efforts to promote gender equality. MRDE-101 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Roles and Responsibilities: Rural women in India are often burdened with multiple roles and responsibilities. They are expected to fulfill traditional roles as daughters, wives, and mothers, as well as engage in various productive activities such as farming, livestock rearing, and household chores.
They are also responsible for taking care of children, the elderly, and other family members.
The division of labor in rural households is often based on gender, with women being assigned to unpaid domestic work and men engaging in paid work outside the home.
This gendered division of labor limits the social mobility of rural women and reinforces traditional gender norms that perpetuate gender inequality.
Access to Education and Healthcare: Rural women in India face significant challenges in accessing education and healthcare. Traditional gender norms and economic constraints often result in lower priority being given to the education of girls compared to boys. MRDE-101 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Early marriage and early motherhood are prevalent among rural women, which further disrupts their education. Lack of access to quality healthcare services also poses a challenge to rural women’s well-being.
Remote locations, inadequate infrastructure, and financial constraints limit their access to healthcare facilities, resulting in poor maternal and child health outcomes.
Participation in Decision-Making: Rural women in India have limited participation in decision-making processes at the household, community, and societal levels.
Patriarchal norms and customs often relegate them to a subordinate position and restrict their participation in decision-making forums.
Women’s representation in local governance institutions such as panchayats (village councils) has increased due to affirmative action policies, but their participation remains limited. MRDE-101 Solved Free Assignment 2023
They face various challenges such as lack of awareness, social barriers, and limited resources, which hinder their effective participation in decision-making processes.
Violence against Women: Rural women in India face various forms of violence, including domestic violence, sexual harassment, dowry-related violence, and female infanticide.
These forms of violence are deeply rooted in patriarchal norms and customs that perpetuate gender discrimination and inequality.
Despite the existence of laws and policies to protect women’s rights, implementation and enforcement remain weak in rural areas.
Women often face social stigma and fear of reprisals when reporting incidents of violence, which further perpetuates the cycle of violence.
Efforts to Promote Gender Equality: Efforts have been made at various levels to promote gender equality among rural women in India.
Government programs and policies such as the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), and Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (Save the Girl Child, Educate the Girl Child) campaign aim to empower rural women by improving their access to resources, livelihood opportunities, education, and healthcare.
Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and civil society organizations also play a vital role in promoting gender equality through awareness campaigns, capacity building, and advocacy. MRDE-101 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Additionally, women’s self-help groups (SHGs) have been promoted as a means of empowering rural women through economic activities and social mobilization.
First, there is a need to challenge and change traditional gender norms and customs that perpetuate gender discrimination and inequality.
This requires engaging with communities, religious leaders, and other stakeholders to raise awareness about gender equality, promote positive masculinity, and challenge harmful gender stereotypes.
Educational campaigns that promote gender-sensitive attitudes and behaviors can also be effective in changing social norms related to gender roles and responsibilities.
Second, there is a need to improve access to education and healthcare for rural women. MRDE-101 Solved Free Assignment 2023
This involves ensuring that girls have equal opportunities to access quality education, including efforts to eliminate gender-based discrimination and violence in schools.
Providing scholarships, transportation facilities, and safe school infrastructure can help overcome the barriers that rural girls face in accessing education.
Similarly, improving healthcare infrastructure, increasing awareness about reproductive health and family planning, and providing access to affordable and quality healthcare services can significantly improve the health outcomes of rural women.
Third, increasing the participation of rural women in decision-making processes is crucial for enhancing their social status.
Efforts should be made to promote women’s leadership and participation in local governance institutions, such as panchayats, through capacity building, training, and sensitization programs. MRDE-101 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Creating an enabling environment that encourages women’s participation and recognizes their contributions to decision-making processes is essential for empowering rural women and ensuring that their voices are heard.
Fourth, addressing violence against women requires a multi-pronged approach. This includes enforcing existing laws and policies, sensitizing law enforcement agencies, and providing support services such as legal aid, counseling, and shelter for survivors of violence.
Prevention efforts should focus on changing attitudes towards violence, promoting gender-equitable relationships, and addressing the root causes of violence, such as gender discrimination and social norms that condone violence against women.
Finally, efforts to promote gender equality among rural women should include economic empowerment programs that provide women with access to resources, credit, and livelihood opportunities.
Women’s self-help groups (SHGs) have proven to be effective in promoting economic empowerment and social mobilization among rural women.
SHGs can provide a platform for rural women to come together, share experiences, access financial services, and engage in income-generating activities, thereby enhancing their economic independence and social status.
In conclusion, the social status of rural women in India is influenced by various factors, and addressing their challenges requires a comprehensive approach that addresses structural, social, and cultural factors. MRDE-101 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Promoting gender equality through addressing traditional gender norms, improving access to education and healthcare, increasing participation in decision-making, addressing violence against women, and promoting economic empowerment can significantly improve the social status of rural women in India.
Efforts should involve multi-stakeholder partnerships between government, civil society organizations, communities, and individuals to create an enabling environment that empowers rural women and promotes gender equality.