RDD 7 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Communication and Extension in Rural Development
RDD 7 Solved Free Assignment 2023
RDD 7 Solved Free Assignment July 2022 & Jan 2023
Long Answers Questions Maximum Marks: Attempt any One of the following
Q 1. Describe the important aspects of Individual and Community Initiatives taken up in the filed ofExtension during pre-independence period.
Q 2. What do you understand by communication Strategy? Describe the three basic steps involved in thepreparation of ‘Management Plan’ for an Effective Communication Strategy.
Q 3. Discuss the important aspects of various Communications -Models.
Medium Answers Questions Maximum Marks: 15 each Attempt any Two of the following:
Q 1. Discuss the meaning and scope of monitoring and evaluation in the context of CommunicationProgrammes.
Q 2. Describe in brief, the four main characteristics of Communication.
Q 3. Describe in brief, the meaning and general objectives of Extension.
Short Answers Questions Maximum Marks: 6 eachAttempt any Five of the following
Q 1. Selection of Communication Methods
Q 2. Psychological Barriers in Communication
Q 3. Lateral Communication
Q 4. Agricultural Extension
Q 5. ‘Selectivity’ as a factor which influences perceptions
Q 6. ‘Transmission of Culture’ as a Function of Communication
Q 7. Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act 1992
Q 8. Farmers ‘Training and Education Programme
Ans 1. During the pre-independence period in India, individual and community initiatives played a significant role in the field of extension.
Extension, also known as rural extension or agricultural extension, refers to the process of transferring scientific knowledge and technological advancements to rural communities in order to improve their livelihoods and agricultural practices.
Let’s delve into the important aspects of individual and community initiatives in extension during the pre-independence period in India.
Individual Initiatives: RDD 7 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Efforts by pioneering individuals: During the pre-independence period, there were several pioneering individuals who took up initiatives in extension.
These individuals were often scholars, scientists, and social reformers who recognized the need to disseminate modern agricultural practices and education to rural communities.
They traveled extensively to remote villages, interacted with farmers, and demonstrated new farming techniques to improve agricultural productivity.
For example, Swami Dayanand Saraswati, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, and Gopal Krishna Gokhale were some of the prominent individuals who contributed to agricultural extension through their writings, speeches, and advocacy.
Establishment of experimental farms and research stations: Several individuals during the pre-independence period established experimental farms and research stations to conduct scientific research on agricultural practices.
These farms served as centers for learning and experimentation, where new crop varieties, improved agricultural practices, and animal husbandry techniques were tested and demonstrated to farmers. RDD 7 Solved Free Assignment 2023
These initiatives helped in disseminating knowledge about modern agricultural practices and encouraging farmers to adopt them.
Publication of agricultural literature: Several individuals during the pre-independence period published literature on agriculture in regional languages to make it accessible to rural communities.
These publications included books, pamphlets, and magazines that provided information on various aspects of agriculture, such as crop cultivation, pest management, irrigation, and animal husbandry.
These publications played a crucial role in spreading knowledge and creating awareness about modern agricultural practices among rural communities.
Community Initiatives: RDD 7 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Formation of agricultural societies and associations: During the pre-independence period, several agricultural societies and associations were formed by communities to promote modern agricultural practices.
These societies and associations acted as platforms for farmers to come together, share their experiences, and learn from each other.
They organized workshops, training programs, and demonstrations to disseminate knowledge about improved farming techniques, seed selection, crop rotation, and soil conservation. RDD 7 Solved Free Assignment 2023
These initiatives helped in building a sense of community among farmers and promoting the adoption of modern agricultural practices.
Cooperative movements were significant community initiatives during the pre-independence period in India. Cooperative societies were established to promote collective action among farmers and improve their economic and social conditions.
These societies provided credit facilities, storage facilities, and marketing support to farmers. RDD 7 Solved Free Assignment 2023
They also organized training programs and demonstrations to educate farmers about modern agricultural practices.
Cooperative movements played a crucial role in promoting self-help and community-driven approaches to agricultural development.
Village-level extension programs:
Several community-driven village-level extension programs were initiated during the pre-independence period. RDD 7 Solved Free Assignment 2023
These programs were initiated by communities themselves, and local leaders played a key role in organizing and implementing them.
Village-level extension programs focused on training farmers on modern agricultural practices, organizing demonstrations, and promoting the adoption of improved farming techniques.
These programs were tailored to the local context and involved active participation from the community members. RDD 7 Solved Free Assignment 2023
They played a crucial role in disseminating knowledge and building awareness about modern agricultural practices at the grassroots level.
Traditional knowledge systems:
Community initiatives during the pre-independence period also emphasized the importance of traditional knowledge systems in agriculture.
Local communities had their indigenous knowledge and practices related to agriculture, which were passed down through generations.
Community initiatives recognized the value of traditional knowledge and promoted its integration with modern agricultural practices.
This helped in preserving local wisdom and promoting sustainable agricultural practices that were suitable for the local agro-ecological conditions.
Social and cultural initiatives: RDD 7 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Community initiatives during the pre-independence period also included social and cultural aspects that influenced agricultural practices.
Communities organized festivals, fairs, and cultural events to promote agricultural practices and create awareness about the importance of agriculture in their livelihoods.
These events served as platforms for farmers to exchange knowledge, share experiences, and learn from each other.
They also helped in fostering a sense of pride and identity among farmers, motivating them to adopt modern agricultural practices and improve their farming methods.
Participatory approaches: RDD 7 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Community initiatives during the pre-independence period also emphasized participatory approaches, where farmers actively participated in decision-making processes related to agriculture.
Farmers were encouraged to share their experiences, challenges, and suggestions, which were taken into consideration in the planning and implementation of agricultural extension programs.
Participatory approaches empowered farmers, built their capacities, and encouraged them to take ownership of their own development.
This approach fostered a sense of community engagement and ownership, which was crucial in promoting the adoption of modern agricultural practices.
Mobilization and advocacy: RDD 7 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Community initiatives during the pre-independence period also involved mobilization and advocacy efforts.
Communities organized rallies, protests, and campaigns to raise awareness about the importance of agriculture and the need for modern agricultural practices.
They advocated for policies and reforms that supported the welfare of farmers and promoted agricultural development.
Mobilization and advocacy efforts by communities played a significant role in creating awareness, garnering support, and influencing policies related to agriculture.
Role of local leaders: RDD 7 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Local leaders played a crucial role in community initiatives during the pre-independence period. These leaders, often from the same community, were respected members who had influence and authority among farmers.
They took up the responsibility of organizing and leading community initiatives, such as training programs, demonstrations, and advocacy efforts.
They acted as role models, motivators, and facilitators in promoting the adoption of modern agricultural practices. RDD 7 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The role of local leaders was instrumental in mobilizing communities, building awareness, and facilitating the adoption of modern agricultural practices.